General.


Damn lies and White lies.

posted Oct 31, 2020, 6:51 PM by Upali Salpadoru   [ updated Nov 14, 2020, 8:25 PM ]

Damn lies and White lies.

One predominant politician  in Sri Lanka visited a high priest in Sri Lanka. During a discussion he declared ‘ I am an honest man that has never uttered a lie’ . The reply was ‘Learned Sir that's the biggest lie you have said’ 

:et us examine these lies that we often try to avoid.  It is not far from the truth to assume the definition of a lie as a statement which is not a FACT. If we define what a fact is it ay become easier to grasp the meaning of a lie. Now what is a fact? An action to be considered as a fact, there must be concrete evidence. For example Nimali may say You are holding the book. If she was watching you , this can be a fact. Her sight has provided the evidence. So the statement becomes a fact.




If Nimali said , ‘You were reading the book, unless you have been reading loud, the statement may not be a fact. It could have been true or false (a fact or a lie) Such a statement is a guess.

Here is an attempt to analyse them further. Although the lies have a detrimental effect , very often we lie for a good cause. Such lies we may recognise as good lies or white lies.

If you have to convert a message to Siriyawathi that her mother has passed away you don't go and bolt away the truth at pnce. If you are a sensible person, you will tell a lie and bring her to attend her mother’s funeral. This is a good example of a white lie.

Mrs. Strimanna was a teacher, Sunil was a backward student who hated every subject except art. What he scribbled for art was also of no value but  Mrs Sirimanna always praised his work.  ‘Oh putha, what a nice drawing’  This was a deliberate lie but a white lie used to encourage the child.

Mr Dhanusinghe came to NZ in 2019 just prior to Covid restrictions. He said , ‘ I am a Kandyan by birth but married a lowcountry girl. I worked at Levers and they are requesting me to come back’  Somebody who knew him told me he was born in Dondra, deep south and had been asked to resign from his job due to a fraud.  True he had been hiding the truth but his lies are not with the intention of damaging another person. It was just bragging, People do this just to get respect and attention.

An astrologer reads a horoscope and informs that his client is going to win a lottery. In what kind of bits that such an incident had been recorded in an ola leaf? If he at least said that the man will have some luck we may assume that was his actual prediction according to the planetary positions. The statement he made had been a concocted one to please the customer. So it is in the class of damn lies.

Peter coming home had a fight with Tom and got his shirt dirtied. He reported this to his mother as ‘Mummy, there was an oilpath on the road. I slipped there and had a nasty fall’ This is definitely a lie but not a damn lie. It is an innocent excuse.

There was a huge Nuga tree in front of our house at Patuwatha. My seeya used to tell me that it was the abode of a god. He had evidence. One night he showed me  a flash of light coming from a Bo tree to the Nuga tree. He honestly believed that there should be a divine power for the observed phenomenon. So from his side this was not a lie but a fact.  We now know that it was only a shooting star, a meteor. Therefore his statement was a lie, as it was not a fact. These are beliefs.

Due to a prediction Silva believes that if he steps out of his home in a northerly direction he will get selected for a job. We cannot classify this as we do not know. A belief may be true or false. Such a belief is similar to a guess. They fall short of getting into facts. Most of the dogmas coming down from ancient writings  and sermons fall into this category.


News and Gossip.

posted Oct 31, 2020, 3:09 PM by Upali Salpadoru   [ updated Oct 31, 2020, 3:10 PM ]

What is gossip?  Aimless chit chat of the idlers, used to kill the time? A fair definition I suppose. But let us delve into this further.

A nonclassical definition for news could be, “What the TV and Radio announces at the newshour”. News paper headlines could also be added. Generally all main media attempts to be within perfect accuracy as they may lose credibility and even get  sued if they falsify them.

Fig. Segmentation of news.

All news can be cast into  two segments as  Global and local. Important events that will affect  a greater part of the wide world are global news. For example if WHO reports on the Covid 19 pandemic it will  spread all over the world whereas the results of the cannabis referendum in New Zealand would be a local issue. The segmentation may continue as Provincial news, City news or regional news. Anything smaller would become gossip?  Are you shocked or surprised? So news about people around you, your relations, friends , colleagues and other acquaintances could be gossip. 

Let us look at it from another angle; for example if your boss Mr. Simpleton has taken his private secretary Daisy for a Dinner dance, Commenting, chatting or reporting this will be gossip. Next week they get married. You may wish to organise a reception for the couple. For which category would you put announcing this event ? Talking about this will still be gossip, but it is not bad unless you neglect your duties while doing so. Spreading personal news among friends, relatives and others, close to you is essential. Interactions between the members of a community or a tribe by human speech is a unique achievement of human beings. Seeking knowledge is crusial for gaining experience and maturity.. Reading books on facts and fiction , watching movies and drama are all extensions of this urge.

While gossip is a tool that can radically change the respect or popularity of an individual, party or an ideology they also have a beneficial effect on society. In earlier times, in Sri Lanka if somebody acts contrary to the ideals of the society an anonymous  poem (Kavi kola) gets pasted on trees. In Nigeria a masquerade act takes place to punish the culprit.

The mode of gossip also matters. It is generally face to face loose talk or chat.  In this case the body language of the narrator reveals a lot of unspoken words. If you are getting the message by a phone extrapolation of the fact is possible only through the tone. Moreover lengthy phone calls can even become a nuisance. if you have no interest in the matter. But on the other hand direct messages through a phone are more reliable, provided the caller can be identified, than the rumours that come across the grape wine.

Nowadays there are more modern ways of spreading gossip, that's through social media such as Facebook and YOUtube. According to a survey by the ‘Pew Research Centre’ only about 28% of adults consider social media to be very important for helping them keep up with news. This of course varies widely from country to country.

A society I know, In their  get togethers prior to the proper programme, they  give a few minutes for the members to engage in gossip. One may say, “You know, my grandson stood up even before his first birthday”.  or another will announce, “My daughter Nelia has at last  found a boy.  They may get married next year”. Nobody can object to this kind of gossip but remember there is a limit.   


Lesser known facts.

posted Aug 11, 2019, 4:10 PM by Upali Salpadoru   [ updated Aug 15, 2019, 9:45 PM ]

   
 
  
Can the Earth be squeezed?
  

         Yes! It happens all the time. 
  We all know that the ocean water gets attracted  due to the attraction of the moon causing high tide and low tide.  It has been noticed that when ever the sea level rises the ground water level goes down. This remained unexplained for a long time. Now it has been explained.
          During the high tide when the moon attracts the water in the oceans, it also squeezes the earth. The earth behaving like a sponge gets squeezed pushing the ground water level up.
         The large hadron collider in the Swiss, Paris border, uses a circular tunnel which is over 27 km circumference. Here protons are accelerated to a speed almost as high as that of light. So the path has to be correctly adjust . How ever careful they are t has been found that it has be to be corrected twice  , everyday.
         It has been measured  that the circumference of the circular tunnel changes by 1 millimeter during  the tides.  ………………

          Source:-Infinity in the palm of your hand by Marcus Chown.       Chapter 12.
  

 Most Misbehaving Molecule.

    It comes not from a rare chemical but one of the most common compound . It has been estimated by a US geological survey that the the earth has over 300 million cubic miles of it.  It is none other than a simple oxide of Hydrogen that we refer to as water.

     There cannot be any life without this and  these molecules fill up about 50% of our body mass. Yet it is a molecule that the scientist find it difficult to understand.




       Mpemba effect.


       In 1953 a 13 yr, old student in Tanzania discovered that hot milk freezes before cold milk. His teacher did not believe that.  As the boy entered high school he came in touch with Professor Denis Osborne from Dare Salam University, who encouraged him to do more experiments. In i969 they produced a scientific paper in a prestigious journal.  Yet the this effect has not been properly explained.


   


 Density effect.

     It is a well known fact that all matter irrespective of state or phase,  contract in cooling. This effect of contracting increases the density. In the case of water this is true only up to 4° C. and there after further cooling causes an expansion. This is why ice at 0 C floats in water at 30 °C.

     Some physical properties.

       We may compare some of the properties of water with a few simpler compounds.
   
 NameFormula Molecular
 mass. 
 Boiling
  point.
 Melting
   point
 State.
 Ammonia NH3 17 - 33.4 C -78 C Gas
 Hydrogen chloride. HCl 36.5 - 85 C - 114 C Gas
 Hydrogen  sulphide. H2S 34 - 61 C - 86 C Gas
 Methane CH4 16 -164 C -183 C Gas
 Water. H2O 18 100 C 0 C Liquid.
                   


https://www.theguardian.com/science/video/2015/may/28/water-strangest-chemical-universe-explainer-video








Birth and Death

posted May 23, 2019, 4:01 PM by Upali Salpadoru   [ updated May 24, 2019, 1:47 AM ]

Birth and Death



      Irrespective of nationality, race or creed, it is an inborn belief of the majority, that life starts with birth and ends in death. Of course some sects believe in previous lives and a sort of transmigration (An existence after death). There is no known valid experiment to verify any existence after death, or  prior to birth  but science can peep into the intricacies of the  two vital events, birth and death. 


    The dictionaries generally give the definition of birth as, The emergence and separation of off spring from the body of the mother.”. This is true for mammals and some other higher animals but not for the oviparous. What about a chick coming out of an egg ? 



Which is birth in this situation; Is it the laying of an egg or hatching out? 

                       

                                                                                                                                Extending this further to other living organisms we may consider the seed bearing plants. Fig.  shows three stages

of a sprouting bean .

 Fig. 1  Birth of a bean plant.

 

     

·         Stage1:-  Seed coat has ruptured and the radicle that forms the root and the lower part of the stem, that forms the arch above the ground (hypocotyl)  has developed.

·         Stage 2:- The hypocotyl pulls the cotyledons above the ground.

·         Stage 3:- The cotyledons turn green and the true leaves have developed.

Fig. 1  Birth of a bean plant.

  Which could be best considered as the birth of a new plant?  Emerging of the radicle, pulling the cotyledons up or the development of true leaves ?

(If a baby coming out of the amnions sac and the bird coming out of an egg are taken as birth, a seedling coming out has also to be considered as ‘birth’ although the botanists favour  the term ‘germination’). 

 

In the same tone mammalian reproduction may also be queried.

·         Stage 1:-The ovary produces an egg cell with 23 chromosomes . ( A living unit with a complete record of the mother’s heredity , which can fill several DVDs )

·         Stage 2:- The testes produce spermatozoa  with a nucleus  also with 23 chromosomes bearing the father’s heredity. These cells are mobile due to the presence of a flagellum.

·         Stage 3:-Only one sperm enters the egg and  the chromosome number doubles. After fertilization the cell is called a zygote.

·         Stage 4:- The zygote gets attached to the womb . The embryo develops inside a sac.

·         Stage 5:-  After the gestation period the amnion sac  bursts and the off spring is pushed out.

·         Stage 6:- The off spring starts to breathe.

 In a normal sense the stages 5 and 6  are jointly considered as birth. 

 Considering this sequence of events that leads to the birth of a new individual, in which stage does the new arrival starts life?

For life to propagate there should have been a beginning.

There’s no way, birth can be considered as the beginning of a living thing,  To begin with God may have created man and other living organisms. Or may be life started by a gradual process over a very long period in a spontaneous manner or may be life has  come from far away space.

Spontaneous origin of Life

      The theory of ‘Spontaneous generation of life’ was initiated by    Alexander Oparin, and  J. B. S. Haldane in 1920.  In 1952 Stanley Miller and Harold Urey conducted a classic experiment  at the University of Chicago. to verify this  theory. Starting from inorganic matter, he obtained a few organic substances only by subjecting them to primordial conditions for a few days.  In 2007 under the sponsorship of NASA eminent biochemists re analysed the sealed vials  from Miller’s experiment, using the latest teart codon' in the genetic code, which tells a cell's machinery to begin translating ( making proteins according to genetic cord)  the design for a protein," AnachniquesThey found many more amino acids and concluded as follows ."The sulfur-containing amino acids we found include significant biological ones like methionine, the product of the 'stlytical Astrobiology Laboratory at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt,

DR. Sidney Fox an eminent bio chemist also experimented with abiogenesis and the primordial soup theory. In one of his experiments, he allowed amino acids to dry out as if puddled in a warm, dry spot in prebiotic conditions. He found that, as they dried, the amino acids formed long, often cross-linked, thread-like, sub-microscopic molecules now named "proteinoids".

Cosmic  origin

In the 1980s, Sir Fred Hoyle developed and promoted, along with Chandra Wickramasinghe, the theory of “panspermia”. He calculated the chances of the simplest living cell forming out of some primordial soup as infinitesimally small, and described that theory as “evidently nonsense of a high order”.

They have just passed the baby to space without explaining the beginning. Even in outer space life could have been created or began on its own.  But a recent study by a few NASA scientists seem to be in agreement with panspermia.

NASA findings

 “   For the first time, we have three lines of evidence that together give us confidence these DNA building blocks actually were created in space.” Dr. Michael Callahan of NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center,  Here is an another extract from a report from NASA.  “Scientists think that the basic ingredients of life, including water and organics, began their journey to Earth on these lonesome ice particles. The ice and organics would have found their way into comets and asteroids, which then fell to Earth, delivering "prebiotic" ingredients that could have jump-started life.”                

Common Descent

    Whether the life originated in the plumes of volcanic ash or in the hot wells under the sea or far away in space, the pointer seems to be tilted to spontaneous generation. On studying all forms of life today it has been concluded that they all have had a common origin.

“Biologists have evidence that all life developed from a common ancestor that lived just under 4 billion years ago, and the concept is accepted by virtually all scientists working in the field. The structures and functions of all living organisms are encoded in the same basic nucleic molecules, DNA and RNA. Similarities in amino acid sequences between various organisms also suggest a common origin”.

There is strong quantitative support for this theory

Back to Birth

Let us get back to where we started. It is clear life started with just one or two strands  of RNA or DNA.  Then came the cells and unicellular organisms .  They produced young ones by’ a process called  ‘binary fission’. A mother cell could divide into two or more  cells.

Earliest multi cellular plants and animals also had a similar asexual process to reproduce. A hydra, an animal about a cm long, living attached to rocks in water develop branches called buds. These get detached growing into new individuals.  “Many hydras reproduce asexually by producing buds in the body wall, which grow to be miniature adults and simply break away when they are mature”.  Wikipedia. This is also a case of a new individual being born.

Except at the origin of life , a new life comes from detaching a living part of a living thing.  

The child is only a break away part of the parent. There is no BIRTH ; (in the sense a new life) but only continuation of life.

Life and Death

Death is considered as the most un avoidable finale of any organism.  Now consider the hydra. You can kill it but it may  not die due to senility. The body of it can divide and exist as new individuals.  The historic Bo tree (Ficus religiosa) at Anuradhapura in Sri Lanka is over 2500 years old.  It may not die at all as new shoots can spring up   from the base.

Consider a multicellular animal such as a human being. There are trillions of cells of various sorts ranging from unspecialised stem cells to highly specialised cells performing a multitude of functions. Every cell is a unit of life.  Many have their own life cycle. The skin cells have a life span of  two or three weeks. As new cells come up to the surface of the skin old cells die and peel off. Red blood cells get specialised from the stem cells in the bone marrow and die after two days of yeomen service.  During the life time  man f a man Millions of births and funerals take place with little or no knowledge.

A multicellular creature is similar to a highly developed city. Unwanted buildings may be demolished and new structures may be built without affecting the city. If the power system fails, it would affect every individual in the metropolis.  A constriction in a blood vessel supplying oxygen to a heart muscle  may  cripple and permanently damage the heart muscles. If timely action is not taken the organism may not recover at all.

It is not easy to diagnose death.  From the earliest times cessation of breathing  was considered an unmistakable sign of death.  For the doctors stopping the heart beat and thereby the blood circulation became the legal point of death.  If an electric shock or Cardiopulmonary resuscitation can resume the heart beat man could not have died.   Loosing consciousness due to brain death could also be taken as a sign of death.  Yet a brain dead man can be made to live with life support systems.

Even if a person has been declared dead by the doctors, the corpse could contain several living organs at least for for a few hours. If so how can you say the man was dead? 

 In most cases birth and death cannot be considered as single events but events that take some time.  So we are forced to have doubts with regard to previous lives and transmigration.

 seedling coming out has also to be considered as ‘birth’ although the botanists favour  the term ‘germination’). 

 

I

 




 

100 Days in Samoa.

posted Mar 7, 2019, 10:00 AM by Upali Salpadoru

One Hundred days in Samoa

By Andy Southall.

      Taking the contents of One hundred days, superficially one may think the primary target of this book is to discourage the tourists from visiting Samoa. Repetitive touching on loud noises, the barking and chasing dogs,  gaudy shades in buses, and lava lavas screaming all around and the official bunglings support this view. But what the subconscious mind gets on reading this is an urge to visit the island. He is criticising the place in order to have the opposite effect on the readers.

        As he starts the book he talks about a con man. A man  says “ I stamped your passports”  On a later day when he was confronted by saying, “Our passports were stamped by a woman” con man’s reply was hilarious, “ Yes. Sometimes I get dressed like a woman”    Almost in every country, the tourists meet such people and they generally cause trouble. This man for some reason only came out with an innocent lie.

         The author and his wife decided to spend a holiday in Samoa having only a few objectives. That was to  avoid the harsh N.Z. winter, for a change in their lifestyle and for Kate to render some volunteer service.. This statement proves that ,” Travel is not always rushing somewhere, you can learn as much by studying the grass under your feet” (page 15)    Again in the midst of their tour this is what they did  “ We lay on beds staring out to sea. Doing nothing. Nothing at all”. (page 188)  They were not after attractions like  ancient cathedrals and pyramids. They were only looking for  lonely beaches for sunbathing and spots for safe snorkeling.  The husband was collecting facts for his writings while the wife wanted to render some volunteer work. They definitely got all these, not free but at a cost of few talas for every photo and every entry into a beach.. The author  also derived a lot of satisfaction by discovering a lot about his literary hero R L Stephenson. His wife was able to teach mathematics in a Samoan School.

        He relates a number of interesting incidents and minor mishaps in a manner to please any reader. When they went to see a rugger match they found that the letter of the seat no had been punched out.  In their tickets. He seems to be a master at creating humour .

       “There are many pests that are forbidden…...none of them was attempting to ride my bike” (page 8)

         “The coffee tasted sublime with a protein supply of ants. Ants were safe to drink but not the water” (page 20)

         “ Smoans smile as they have the sea, sun and no trains but  the Kiwis, have their lips glued together with gloom and their laughter muscles severed with the sharp edges of their season passes”(referring to ‘season tickets’ of train travellers.)   (page 56)  

          His  witty exaggerations of what happened after climbing a hill- “ Sweating bucket loads of sweat and heart beating like a  jackhammer. (Page 92)     Somewhere else “ Inhaling like a vacuum cleaner at full power”

       An innocent punch at an elderly hostess, “ Her eyes sparkled and her face crinkled like over  baked pastry…….she laughed so loud her jaws split like the two halves of a coconut”   (page 177)

        There are vivid descriptions of some natural phenomena endemic to such islands. “As the sea rushed through underground lava tubes enormous jets of water exploded into the air.It was like watching ocean fireworks, never quite sure which blow hole would go off next”

        If there is a little bit of dead weight in the book it is the excessive narratives of Ted and Teresa.Except for this the book is very well written and can be considered as a high class travelogue.  

        It is my sincere warning that nobody is safe to tour Samoa without reading this book.


My heart attack.

posted Dec 11, 2018, 10:30 AM by Upali Salpadoru


       My heart Problem.

         It was a Saturday, and a student were to come for help in Physics.  It was with pleasure that I undertook this activity; yet I was feeling bad that day.  I did not know actually what was wrong, A wee bit dizzy, weak and some pressure on the sides of my head.  I kept my wife aware of it.   “ Let’s cancel the tuition”, she suggested.   “No need I’ll be OK in a minute. It’s not so bad. Am only a bit uncomfortable. I should lie down for a while.” I said.  On second thought I said, “Nevermind, cancel it. I feel I must rest.” She also had informed a niece who quickly appeared and persuaded me to visit emergency services.

          After thirty minutes of waiting time, a nurse performed some preliminary medical tests and sent me to a doctor. The doctor, after listening to my symptoms and history, ordered an ECG and a blood test.  Examining the electrocardiograph she said. “You have had a heart attack. We  are sending you to the Wellington Hospital.”  The nurses gave me a hospital gown to wear and inserted an IV cannula in my arm. In a jiffy I was lying flat inside a speeding  ambulance with a friendly paramedic and my niece . My wife followed us in the car with my son.

           Without much delay a doctor examined me, checked the pressure and ordered another blood test and an ECG. Due to the presence of a particular cardiac enzyme in the blood they confirmed the earlier diagnosis,  myocardial infarction, as correct. The matron gave me strict orders not to leave the bed. I slept soundly except when a nurse irritated me from time to time performing the routine tests. As the next day was Sunday, I had to suffer bed rest under business class hospitality.

       My nephew had given me a book to read. It was a true story written by a Sri Lankan lady about her ailing husband. He had entered a hospital in Chennai for a coronary angiogram. While performing the test the doctor has said, “Oh My God !”  ..”Why?”  “The catheter has snapped. A piece of it is floating inside an artery. If it blocks a vital organ…”  I don’t prey but I wondered.

           Monday dawned with an offer of a breakfast platter with bacon and eggs, which I politely refused. After the formal medical examination of me by the ward doctor  a young girl came and sat at the edge of my bed. I assumed her to be a student nurse but on careful scrutiny I saw the badge. Dr. so and so, Assistant Cardiologist.  She said, “It looks like a heart attack, we are going to get an echo cardiograph.  Depending on the results of that, my boss will decide whether you need an angiogram”.

         After a while, the senior Cardiologist examined me and said “ It’s not serious you will be all right. We have decided to perform an echo test. Depending on that we may go for an angiogram.”. By this time they had restricted my meals, when I said hungry they brought some toast and jam. As I was waiting to be taken to do the test, a technician came to my bed side pushing the machine. He took several photographs to be read by a specialist. In SL this is generally performed by the specialist, himself.

       After they had decided to perform the angiogram a few of the staff became quite active. One male nurse inserted another IV cannula on my other arm.  He  took a blood sample and asked me whether I have any objection in receiving blood. Another girl came and put a white sheet under me and started shaving my arms and around the groin. Two or three parties explained what they were going to do in detail.

       A male helper wheeled my bed to the theatre. The people there gave me no confidence. There were sophisticated monstrous machines covered with, discoloured cellophane.  After a few minutes a smart young man appeared and got into his surgical attire. “We are going to insert a dye into your system and photograph your heart.” The surgeon was partly hidden by a metal sheet. He was avoiding some rays, which I was getting in full blast. I got a tickling feeling on my wrist. The camera was moving above my chest. An assistant was holding my leg. I tried to raise my head and see what they were up to. Then the doctor shouted “U…. pali, keep your head down”. After irritating my wrist for some time he said, “Three of your are badly blocked” “What are you going to do?” I asked. “We are unable to put stents; its too narrow. We are going to drill using a diamond drill”   Which is better I wondered, “A block or a hole in the heart”.

        After a tense and anxious ninety minutes, I was wheeled back to the ward. Nurses were at beck and call. Wires plugged to various parts of my body were connected to a Wi-fi  device. Nurses could obtain my biometric data, without disturbing me. But how could anyone sleep with all those wires and a transmitter attached ?

        Next day the surgeon and the cardiologist showed me the X’ ray photographs and explained how two constrictions of my arteries have been corrected. The cardiologist discussed my impending flight to Sri Lanka. He said that the airlines request at least two weeks rest after an ailment as mine. He also advised me to refrain from driving , climbing and lifting heavy objects strictly for two weeks.  In the evening I profusely thanked the hospital staff and returned home armed with discharge reports and a lot of tablets.

             My friends said “You become ten years younger with stents”. I was feeling fine. I knew that my circulation has improved. So I step by step started my exercises and routine jobs at home. As the electric blanket in our bed was displaced, I began to change the bedding. Layer by layer; duvet, valence, sheets, etc. I  removed  with an effort. With a  greater effort, I  replaced the new covers. I became dead tired. I have never, ever felt like that. I lay sprawled on the bed for a few seconds panting. I had been asked not to do this. So I got up pretending as if nothing had happened, took a few steps. That’s all I knew. When I gained consciousness my wife was screaming with a phone in her hand. 

           Ignoring my reluctance again they took me to Kenepuru. Fortunately for me the doctor on duty was our member Kamala. As she was our friend I expected her to send me back home; instead she said “You can’t go home. I have checked your ECG but we are unable to confirm without a blood test. As we don’t do blood tests here I’ll send you to Wellington hospital in an ambulance.”

           The lesson I learned here was that, as of yet, no surgical operation can reverse the ageing process.

           

හමටාන්

posted Jan 31, 2017, 9:29 PM by Upali Salpadoru   [ updated Feb 1, 2017, 9:56 AM ]


           

උකුසන් සැරුව නිල් ඉගලා ගුවන   තුළ

දවසක දුටිමි හිමවන් කිරි කොකුන්  කැළ

සුබ නිමිතක් දෝ සිතුනද         ඵකල

මසෙකින් අපට ලැබුනා සුදු කොක් අපල

 

උස තල් ගසේ අතු මද පවනේ  සැලුනා

‍‍‍හේනේ වගා දරු වියෙවින්            තැවුනා

නැතිය වැහි වලා මිහිකත            තෙමනා

තේක්ක ගහේ කොල  රතු වි      වැටුනා

 

පාසැලෙ කවුළු වැදුනා දඞි බිඩි             ගාලා

නිසසල ඩෙස් බංකු ඇත ධුවිලි            පිරිලා

ඉද හිට වහලෙ  ටකරන් ටික මොර     ගහලා

‘‘අපි ඉගලා“ යයි කීවා උඩ               පැනලා 

 

වට්ටි පෙට්ටි පටවා සුදු භරක්            පිට

ෆුලානිලා ගියෙ නය්ගර් ගග          දෙසට

දුක හිතිලා අලි තණ ගස්                 වලට

කහ වතකින් නැමී වැලපුනි දුක්       නදට

 

පිපී පර විය බෝ විටියා                ලන්දේ

නිරුවත් ගසක් රතු පැහැ මල් දම් ඇන්දේ

මැඩියන් රැහැසියන් නවතා ඇත    සද්දේ

සුදු මල් පපී මතකය එලුවා           බැද්දේ

 

ගිනි ගුලියක් විලස හිරු බැස ගියෙ      හතට

තණ චිතකය ගිනි ගෙන දැවුනා           යසට

බුර බරා නගින විහිදුනි දස                  අතට

ගම  තොට වැසී ගියෙ පිට උන කලු     දුමට

 

මිතුරු අවතාර දුක් මුසු ගීයක්            ගැයුවා                                           

අදුරු රැය සමග ගිනි දැල් තරගෙට    නැටුවා

සසිරු ගම භස්ම ගොඩකට යට       කෙරුවා

ලහිරු දුම්දමන කලු කොට අතරින්    බැලුවා

 

සිහින් තොලැති කිරි කෙලි දැන්       නොඑතී

උඩ නිරුවත් කලු පැංචිගෙ දොඩම්        නැතී

කිරි කජු හා අම්මල් පමණක් ගසේ        ඇතී

නැත නොකියා හොදි දවටා අල     ගිලිතී


තොල පැලිලා මිරිස් රස බැලිය    නොහේ

පය පැලිලා බිම අඩි තැබිය      නොහේ

ධූවිලි නිසා හුස්ම කටක් ගැනිය     නොහේ

දිය හිදිලා පෙර පවකට දුරුතු        මහේ

 

අලුයම අවදි වෙය් සීතලෙ ගැහි      ගැහී

අවටින් පෙනේ මිටි කදු මී දුමෙ න්   වැහී

සුලගෙකි හෝ ගාන වැලි මැටි සමග  පැහී

බෑ ඉවසන්න හමටාන් කාලයයි      මෙහී

 

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Barbecue and Browning.

posted Dec 16, 2016, 9:18 AM by Upali Salpadoru   [ updated Dec 16, 2016, 9:32 AM ]



Normally we cook food by a process called boiling.


Boiling rice,vegetables and yams and making of curries are examples. The main feature of this process is that the temperature remains at or around 100, the boiling point of water.


When we boil plant or animal matter cells rupture and the contents become accessible to enzymes for digestion. The large molecules like polysaccharides break down, starch grains absorb water and food becomes tastier and easier to digest but the food does not get the brown colour and the strong flavours and aromas.


Maillard Reactions.

The browning of food was studied  by the French scientist Louis Camille Maillard (1878-1936), This is not a simple reaction as we have been taught the carbohydrates becoming carbon and water.C12H22O11 → 12C + 11H2O. It is true that this is what finally what happens when the food gets charred. There are a large number of intermediate compounds, which is evident by the colours produced and and the aromas given out.

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Most of the food chemicals produced by the maillard reactions have tantalising aromas and incredibly unique  tastes.For the most of them, their health benefits or adverse effects have not been properly studied yet. But a substance has been found which is supposed to be carcinogenis. It is named ‘furan”.



Vegetables.

posted May 24, 2016, 2:21 AM by Upali Salpadoru   [ updated May 24, 2016, 2:26 AM ]

Cucumber

CUCUMBER

Botanical name--. Cucumis sativus      Family-- Cucurbitacea  (Gourd family)

An E mail sent by Daneiel  Muthumala. Phd.

     



1. Cucumbers contain most of the vitamins you need every day, just one cucumber contains Vitamin B1, Vitamin B2, Vitamin B3, Vitamin B5, Vitamin B6, Folic Acid, Vitamin C, Calcium, Iron, Magnesium, Phosphorus, Potassium and Zinc.

2. Feeling tired in the afternoon, put down the caffeinated soda and pick up a cucumber. Cucumbers are a good source of B Vitamins and Carbohydrates that can provide that quick pick-me-up that can last for hours.

3. Tired of your bathroom mirror fogging up after a shower? Try rubbing a cucumber slice along the mirror, it will eliminate the fog and provide a soothing, spa-like fragrance.

4. Are grubs and slugs ruining your planting beds? Place a few slices in a small pie tin and your garden will be free of pests all season long. The chemicals in the cucumber react with the aluminum to give off a scent undetectable to humans but drive garden pests crazy and make them flee the area.
5 Looking for a fast and easy way to remove cellulite before going out or to the pool? Try rubbing a slice or two of cucumbers along your problem area for a few minutes, the phytochemicals in the cucumber cause the collagen in your skin to tighten, firming up the outer layer and reducing the visibility of cellulite. Works great on wrinkles too!!!

6.. Want to avoid a hangover or terrible headache? Eat a few cucumber slices before going to bed and wake up refreshed and headache free. Cucumbers contain enough sugar, B vitamins and electrolytes to replenish essential nutrients the body lost, keeping everything in equilibrium, avoiding both a hangover and headache!!

7. Looking to fight off that afternoon or evening snacking binge? Cucumbers have been used for centuries and often used by European trappers, traders and explores for quick meals to thwart off starvation.

8. Have an important meeting or job interview and you realize that you don't have enough time to polish your shoes? Rub a freshly cut cucumber over the shoe, its chemicals will provide a quick and durable shine that not only looks great but also repels water.


9. Out of WD 40 and need to fix a squeaky hinge? Take a cucumber slice and rub it along the problematic hinge, and voila, the squeak is gone!

10. Stressed out and don't have time for massage, facial or visit to the spa? Cut up an entire cucumber and place it in a boiling pot of water, the chemicals and nutrients from the cucumber with react with the boiling water and be released in the steam, creating a soothing, relaxing aroma that has been shown the reduce stress in new mothers and college students during final exams.

11. Just finish a business lunch and realize you don't have gum or mints? Take a slice of cucumber and press it to the roof of your mouth with your tongue for 30 seconds to eliminate bad breath, the phytochemcials will kill the bacteria in your mouth responsible for causing bad breath.

12. Looking for a 'green' way to clean your faucets, sinks or stainless steel? Take a slice of cucumber and rub it on the surface you want to clean, not only will it remove years of tarnish and bring back the shine, but is won't leave streaks and won't harm you fingers or fingernails while you clean.


13. Using a pen and made a mistake? Take the outside of the cucumber and slowly use it to erase the pen writing, also works great on crayons and markers that the kids have used to decorate the walls!!

Pass this along to everybody you know who is looking for better and safer ways to solve life's everyday problems...

L O L.

posted Dec 3, 2015, 5:46 PM by Upali Salpadoru   [ updated Dec 16, 2015, 10:28 AM ]


Streaker.jpg

  1. Beauty isn't measured by outer appearance and what clothes we wear,but what we are inside. So, try going out naked tomorrow and see the admiration.


  1. If time doesn't wait for you, don't worry!  Just remove the damn battery from the clock and Enjoy life!


  1. Expecting the world to treat you fairly because you are a good person is like expecting the lion not to attack you because you are a vegetarian. .


  1. Don't walk as if you rule the world, walk as if you don't care who rules the world! That's called Attitude!


  1. Every lady hopes that her daughter will marry a better man than she did and is convinced that her son will never find a wife as good as his father did!


  1. He was a good man. He never smoked, drank had no affair. When he died, the insurance company refused the claim. They said, he who never lived, cannot die!


  1. 10% of road accidents are due to drunken driving. Which means - it is a logical statement that 90% of accidents are due to driving without drinking!!

  2. So many options for suicide: Poison, sleeping pills, hanging, jumping from a building, lying on train tracks, but we choose Marriage, slow but sure!


  1. Only 20 percent boys have brains, rest has girlfriends!


  1. All desirable things in life are illegal, banned, and expensive or

    1. married to someone else!


  1. “Drinking is our biggest enemy” - Jawaharlal Nehru

            “We should learn to love our enemies” - Mahatma Gandhi

             Now, whom to follow and which one to choose?


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