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Time Line 21st Century

posted May 31, 2015, 12:25 AM by Upali Salpadoru   [ updated May 31, 2015, 12:49 PM ]
 This gives important events and discoveries of the past few years.From the invention of  one atom      transister to the discovery of  mysterious  'dark matter Galaxy'.

2000

Dawn of Millenium

Y2K Bug.

Instead of severe warnings of the Millennium bug over the probable failures of the computer systems very few problems arose.

Jan.  14

Swiss Federal Institute of Technology and Peter Beyer of University of Frieberg.

A new variety of Rice engineered to have a high percentage of Beta carotene to give Vitamin A : 

dubbed Golden rice’.

 

Mar.

 

Completion of the genome of the fruit fly.

Jun.

 

Rough draft of the Human Genome Project announced.

Oct.

Angelo Vesconi..    It.

Turned mouse stem cells into muscle cells.

Nov.

Kew Gardens.

Millennium seed bank was opened with 1.8 billion seed species.

20/

Honda.

Introduced a human like Robot. ASIMO.

2001

Jan.  15

Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger.

Launching of Wikipedia, the free on line encyclopaedia.

Feb.

NASA.

Shoemaker lands on an asteroid.

Mar.

Dr. Dennis Slamon.

 

After12years of research , ‘Herceptin’ was approved for breast cancer.

Apr. 28.

Dennis Tito. 61-year-old California millionaire, former NASA engineer.

First Space tourist. He spent nearly eight days in orbit as a crew member of, a mission to the International Space Station.                                       The fare: …..$ 20 million.

May.

Inter Government Panel on Climate Change.    IPCC.

Introduced the third report.

June.

Sudbury Neutrino Observatory.

Observatory located 2100 m underground in Sudbury, Canada  discovered that the ‘Neutrinos’ have mass.

Oct. 23

Apple

Introduced the  ‘iPod’.

2002

Apr.

Astronomers

Detected organic compounds in a gas cloud 26,000 light years away.

May.

NASA

Odyssey probe found ice, water on Mars.

Nov.

China.

SARS epidemic in Guang Deng province.

Dec.

 

Genome of the mouse was published.

2003

Feb  1

NASA

Columbia shuttle exploded killing all seven astronauts.

  11/

WMAP

Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe mapped out Cosmic Background Radiation.

Mar.

Italy

Humanoid foot prints found.                     Age: 350,000Years.  Oldest find.

Apr.

 

Completion of Human Genome Project.

Oct.

China

Sent an astronaut to space. Yang Livei.

Dec.

 

First draft of the Chipanzee genome.

2004

Mar.

NASA

Published the Hubble Ultra Deep Field Photos.

May.

Stockholm.

Conference on Persistent Organic Pollutants. They banned some chemicals.

June

Mathew Nagle

First person to get a brain: computer interface. He was able to control a computer by his brain.

21/

Space ship 1

First private space craft to reach space.

Oct.

Andre Greim, K Novositov .. Rus/US.

Shared the Physics Noble Prize 2010.

Created sheets of Graphene, an amazing form of Carbon allotrope. Many times stronger than steel and the best known conductor of heat and electricity, yet lighter than other materials.

2005

Jan.

Astronomers

Discovered a rocky mass larger than Pluto beyond Neptune.

14/

 

Huygens probe landed on Titan, a moon of Saturn.

Feb.

 

Discovered a probable Dark matter galaxy.

Mar.

Mary Schweitzer

Obtained soft tissue from a dinosaur.

Apr.

A 380, largest passenger plane, commenced service.

Capacity over 800 passengers.

Nov.

France

Partial face transplant.

2006

Jan.

NASA

Star dust brought samples from Comet Wild-2.

19/

NASA

New Horizon; Probe off to Pluto.

29/

Ice cube Observatory.

Detected the first Neutrino.

Apr.

 

HD DVD format  launched.

Aug.

 

Pluto designated as a dwarf planet.

28/

Australia

HPV Vaccine approved.

Sep.

Ethiopia

3.3 million old humanoid skull discovered.

Oct.

Astronomers

Reported test result of a rigorous test of theory of relativity through observations of a double Pulsar.

30/

 

Publication of Economic consequences of Global warming.

2007

Apr.

IPCC

Fourth assessment report published.

24/

 

Evidence of a habitable exo-planet.

Discovered water in another.

 

 

Human heart valve grown from Human bone stem cells.

June.

Mongolia

Giant bird like Dinosaur discovered.

29/

Apple

Released the first smart phone… iPhone.

Oct.

Craig Winter.

Synthesized a copy of a chromosome from a bacterial one.

Nov.

 

Obtained stem cells from normal cells.

2008

Feb

Svalbard

Global seed vault in Norway.

Sep.

 

Large Hadron Collider opened.

20/

 

First version of the Android operating system.

Oct.

 

Human micro biome project to study all microbes in the human body.

2009

Mar.

 

Launch of Kepler to search for Earth like exo-planets.

May.

Jorn Hurum… Nor.

$7 million year old human ancestor was discovered. Darwinus masilae.

July

ETH Zurich.

Announced a transistor made from one atom.

Aug.

 

Amino acid was found in a comet.

Oct.

Scientists

Discovered 4.4 million yesr old ardipithecus ramidus.

2010

Feb.

IBM

Created the fast switching graphene transistor.

Mar.

Spain

Implanted a complete face.

Apr.

Apple

Introduced the Tablet Computer.

May.

Australia

Created a transistor from seven atoms of Phosperous.

21/

Craig Venter

Created the first life form from million DNA base pairs,

July.

Bertram Piccard.SW.

Solar Impulse Air craft made 26 hour flight using energy only from the sun.

Sep.

 

Gliese581g   exo-planet considered to be habitable.

Dec.

US

First commercially owned space craft launched..

2011

Mar.11

Japan –North eastern coast.


A magnitude 9.0 earthquake hits 130 kilometers off Japan's the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plants.

Seven tsunamis, some as high as 15 meters damage the nuclear plants. Officials evacuate thousands of people living within a three-kilometer radius.

May.

NASA

Gravity probe B found support for Einstein’s General theory of relativity.

June.

 

Mapped the land below East Antarctic Ice sheet.

Jul.

 

Implant of trachea using stem cells.

Aug.

 

Discovery of 3.4 billion year old microfossils.

Sep.

China

First step taken in building a space station.

2012

Feb

USA, Australia.

Produced a transistor from one atom.

May.

NASA

Voyager 1 leaves the solar syste. First man made object to achieve it.

June

 

Internet protocol IPVG commenced.

July. 4

CERN

Strong evidence obtained for the particle Higg’s boson.

Aug. 6

NASA

Curiosity Rover sends beautiful images from Mars.

Aug. 25

 

Yuri Gagarin died at the age 82 yrs.

Sep.

NASA.

Obtained Deep Field Image.

2013

 

 

Bird flu infects humans.

Feb.

NASA

Curiosity Rover drilled Mars.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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